Former Staff and Students
Carl Stenoien began pursuing a PhD in Ecology, Evolution, and Behavior with the Monarch Lab in 2012. He is studying the ecology of plant defenses across multiple trophic levels and the behavior of parasitoid wasps. Monarchs are a particularly great model system for questions in these fields because they sequester toxins from their larval host plants and are attacked by both generalist and specialist natural enemies. Carl is a graduate of Gustavus Adolphus College (2011), where he majored in Biology, minored in Neuroscience, and competed in track and field. Carl is passionate about many things, including teaching and mentoring undergraduates, advocating for long-term environmental sustainability, and the intrinsic value of physical activity.
- Kasten K, Stenoien C, Caldwell W, Oberhauser KS. Can roadside habitat lead monarchs on a route to recovery?. Journal of Insect Conservation. 2016:1-1.
- McCoshum, S., Andreoli, S., Stenoien, C., Oberhauser, K., Baum, K. (2016) Species distribution models for natural enemies of monarch butterfly (Danaus plexippus) larvae and pupae: distribution patterns and implications for conservation. Journal of Insect Conservation. DOI: 10.1007/s10841-016-9856-z
- Nail, K.R., Stenoien, C., Oberhauser, K.S. (2015) Immature Monarch Survival: Effects of Site Characteristics, Density, and Time. Annals of the Entomological Society of America. 108 (5) 650-690; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aesa/sav047
- Oberhauser, K.S., O. R. Taylor, S. M. Reppert, H. Dingle, K. R. Nail, R. M. Pyle, C. Stenoien. 2013. Are monarch butterflies true navigators? The jury is still out. PNAS 110(39):E3680.
- Stenoien, C., McCoshum, S., Caldwell, W., Anda, A., Oberhauser, K.S. (2015) New Reports that Monarch Butterflies (Lepidoptera:Nymphalidae, Danaus plexippus Linnaeus) are Hosts for a Pupal Parasitoid (Hymenoptera: Chalcidoidae, Pteromalus cassotis Walker). Journal of the Kansas Entomological Society, 88 (1): 16-26. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2317/JKES1402.22.1
- Stenoien, C., Nail, K. R., Zalucki, J. M., Parry, H., Oberhauser, K. S. and Zalucki, M. P. (2016), Monarchs in decline: A collateral landscape level effect of modern agriculture. Insect Science. Accepted Author Manuscript. doi:10.1111/1744-7917.12404
- Stenoien, C., Nail, K.R., Oberhauser, K.S. (2015). Habitat Productivity and Temporal Patterns of Monarch Butterfly Egg Densities in the Eastern United States. Annals of the Entomological Society of America, 108 (5) 670-679; DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/aesa/sav054