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Research and Publications

Monitoring for the MLMP (Photo: Wendy Caldwell)

Many aspects of monarch butterfly biology and conservation are being explored by scientists, teachers, students, and citizen scientist volunteers. This section provides more information on research publications by the Monarch Lab and references to publications by other researchers. 

To understand more about how research data are analyzed, check out our Basic Statistics section. 

Publications are separated into categories based on the following topics:  Growth and Development, Interactions with Milkweed, Parasites and Natural Enemies, Reproductive Biology, Conservation, Migration, Population Dynamics, Overwintering, Outreach, and General Issues. 

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